WHAT IS A SHIN SPLINTS?
Shin splints is a name commonly used to describe any pain localised at the front of the lower leg. However, true shin splints occur at the inside front of the shin bone arising from a number of different causes.
HOW DO SHIN SPLINTS OCCUR?
The most common cause of shin splints is an inflammation of the periostium of the tibia (sheath surrounding the bone). Traction forces on the periosteum, from the use of the muscles in the lower leg, cause shin pain and inflammation. This can be caused by a changing of training surfaces, sudden increase in intensity or frequency of training or can be caused by biomechanical faults of the lower limb.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF SHIN SPLINTS:
- Pain on the inside lower half of the shin
- Pain at the start of exercise which can ease as
the session continues
- Pain can return after activity and may be at
its worst the next morning
- Swelling is sometimes present
- Lumps and bumps may be felt when feeling the inside
of the shin bone
- Pain when the toes or foot are bent downwards
- A redness over the inside of the shin (not always